Motion Picture Herald (May-Jun 1946)

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ciousiiess. Glass murals provide a striking embellishment of a wall in color abstract or pictorial designs. For treatment of doors, pilasters, display case framing, and also ticket booth and vestibule tinish, laminated plastic veneer provides a wide choice of colors and texture effects (while also Having certain weather-proofing qualities). Such material may be obtained with metal inlays for decorative relief, and also in a fluorescent type permitting luminescent pictorial and abstract patterns under "black light." Fabric (usually cotton-rayon damask) is frequently used to conceal sound-absorbing blanket. Wall paper of the more durable types (such as Tekko and Salubra) merits consideration for limited areas, as do leatherette and linoleum. Then there are the tiles, wood veneers, and so on, many of them to be considered for their acoustic values as well as decorative qualities (see Acotistical Products and Engineering ; also refer to Curtains and Drapes). Lighting today is a principal source of decorative effect, by means of either built-in sources (coves, troughs, etc.) or fixtures, possibly employing several colors (commonly amber, blue, red or green, in addition to white) with circtiits controlled to permit gradual mixing (see Dimmers). So-called "black light" also permits interesting decorative effects, such as glowing figures in darkened niches, or ornamental patterns picked out in fluorescent paint (see "Black Light" Materials and Lighting Equipment; also see Lamps, Incandescent for Theatre Lighting, and Lighting, Architectural. Statues and bas-reliefs based on classic, patriotic and ether themes, are available in stock reproductions, many of them relatively inexpensive and well adapted to theatres of modern as well as traditional style. Adams Research Corporation, IS Park Row, New York 7, N. Y. Armstrong Cork Company, Lancaster, Pa. The Celotex Corporation, 120 S. LaSalle Street, Chicago, III. Columbus Coated Fabrics Corporation, Columbus, O. Davidson Enamel Products Company, 450 E. Kibby Street, Lima, Ohio. The Di-Noc Company, 1700 London Rd., Cleveland, O. F & Y Building Service, 328 E. Towm Street, Columbus, Ohio. The Formica Insulation Company, 4620 Spring Grove Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio. General Electric Company, Lynn, Mass. The Kawneer Company, 3203 Front Street, Niles, Mich. Kelly Island Lime & Transport Company, Leader Building, Cleveland, Ohio. Libbey Owens-Ford Glass Company, Vitrolite Division, Nicholas Building, Toledo, Ohio. Marsh Wall Products, Inc., Dover, Ohio. Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company, 2200 Grant Building, Pittsburgh, Pa. Ben B. Poblocki & Sons Company, 2159 South Kin nickinnic Avenue, Milwaukee 7, Wis. Seaporcel Porcelain Metals, Inc., 28-20 Borden Avenue, Long Island City, N. Y. Toledo Porcelain Enamel Products Company, 2275 Smead Avenue, Toledo, O. United States Gypsum Company, 300 W. Adams Street, Chicago, 111. United States Plywood Company, 55 West 44th Street, New York City. Westinghouse Electric Corporation, East Pittsburgh, Pa. Wood Conversion Company, 1981 W. First National Bank Building, St. Paul, Minn. BASES — See Projectors and Accessories BATTERIES, STORAGE IN THEATRES these are now used almost exclusively to supply emergency power for lighting, in case of breakdown in the line power supply. Through suitable converters storage batteries can also be made to operate sound and projection equipment Cost depends on size of the installation. Electric Storage Battery Company, Philadelphia, Pa. Wrstinghouse Electric Corporation, East Pittsburgh, Pa. "BLACK LIGHT" MATERIALS AND LIGHTING EQUIPMENT "black light" is the term popularly applied to the application of "radiant energy" that is not itself visible, to surfaces treated with certain chemicals which this energy causes to glow. It provides decorative effects of a character peculiarly associated with the theatre, and in addition has many utilitarian applications such as in connection with advertising matter, fluorescent carpet, etc. Luminescent materials are found on the market today in the form of transparent lacquers, opaque lacquer enamels, dyes for carpets and ether fabrics, inks, water colors, plastics, liquid solutions, etc. The materials in paint form may be readily applied with either brush or sprayer. A variety of colors are now obtainable. The radiant energy required for "black light" effects is radiation in the near-ultarviolet region which extends from 3,200 Angstroms to the visible violet. This energy is not harmful to the eyes ; it is only radiation shorter than 2,800 Angstroms appearing in quantity from which the eyes must be protected. Mercury discharge lamps are best for "black light" effects. The type of lamp most proper depends upon the nature of the application. The latest types of lamps of capacity usually required for theatre applications are the Mazda ICK^-watt type known as the AH-4, BH-4, CH-4, and EH-4. The CH-4 and EH-4 are spot and flood lamps respectively of the projector type; they need no other reflector equipment as the bulb itself is an integral reflector hermetically sealed. The 250-watt type MAZDA AH-5 is also applicable for theatre use. Each of these lamps are available in connection with fixtures especially designed for various conditions of mounting as a unit including the transformer. These lamps are all equipped with red-purple filter glasses such as Corning No. 587 to screen out the visible light. The amount of light in the visible region passed by the filters is so small that it is negligible in theatre uses. Special types of lamp equipment for the application of "black light" sources are available in designs adapted to ceiling and wall decoration and to fluorescent carpeting (see Carpeting). General Electric Company, Lamp Dept., Nela Park, Cleveland, Ohio. GoldE Manufacturing Company, 1214-22 W. Madison Street, Chicago, 111. Keese Engineering Company, 7380 Santa Monica Boulevard, Los Angeles, Calif. Kliegl Bros., 321 W. 50th Street, New York City. The Stroblite Company, 35 West 52nd Street, New York City. (Lacquers). Switzer Brothers, 1220 Huron Road, Cleveland 15, Ohio. BOX OFFICES ISLAND BOX offices, as well as those built into one side of the vestibule or lobby, are commonly built "on the job" from specifications of the architect nr other designer of the front and extrance area; however, box offices may be obtained ready for erection, in styles, colors and materials to harmonize with the vestibule or lobby treatment. Architectural glass, glass structural blocks (which may be interestingly illuminated from behind), porcelain-enamelled metal, and some of the phenolics (synthetic materials), are prominent among the materials used today, often with chromium or stainless steel mouldings, and these materials are procurable cut to specifications. (Unless otherwise specified, the companies listed below are sources only of material suited to box offices.) The Formica Insulation Company, 4620 Spring Grove Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio. The Kawneer Companv, Niles, Mich. Libbey-Owens-Ford Glass Company, 1310 Nicholas Building, Toledo, Ohio. Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company, 2200 Grant Building, Pittsburgh, Pa. Ben B. Poblocki & Sons Company, 2159 South Kin nickinnic Avenue, Milwaukee 7, Wis. (complete box offices) . Universal Corporation, 6710 Denton Drive, Dallas 9, Tex. STANDEE POSTS AND rope railings crowd'contR5l Send for Descriptive Folder ^ 434 Broadway, New York 13, N.Y. New York Brass & Wire Works Co. CABINETS. FOR FILM AND CARBONS REALLY FIREPROOF cabi nets for film storage are essential accessories of the projection room if the protection required either by law or theatre operator's responsibility is to be provided both projectionists and patrons. With the 2,000-foot reel standard in the American film industry, film storage facilities should accommodate this size of reel in metal compartments that at least prevent the spread of fire from one compartment lo another and reduce the effect of heat as a cause of combustion to a minimum. The desired safety is provided by a sectional cabinet of relatively thick (approximately IV2 inches) steel walls insulated with fireproof material. Such cabinets are obtainable with or without vents (vents required by fire regulations in some communities) and with or without sprinkler heads inside. A cabinet for carbons (wherever no suitable compartment is otherwise provided) is a convenient place to keep carbons. The carbons, while drying out, are out of the way so that breakage tends to be reduced. One cabinet will hold several hundred carbons (according to trim) and also provides a handy compartment for small tools. Diebolt Manufacturing Company, Canton, Ohio. GoldE Manufacturing Company, 1214-22 W. Madison Street, Chicago, 111. Neumade Products Corporation, 427 W. 42nd Street, New York City. Wenzel Projector Company, 2509 South State Street, Chicago, in. Edw. H. Wolk, 1241 South Wabash Avenue, Chicago, HI. CARBONS, PROJECTION MOTION PICTURE projection carbons are required for projection in most motion picture theatres (all except those using incandescent projection lamps). The type and size of carbons required depends upon the type of arc, and in this connection the reader is referred to the several articles in The Buyers' Index on projection lamps. National Carbon Company, Inc., 30 East 42nd Street, New York 17, N. Y. CARBON SAVERS THESE DEVICES, which permit use of carbons down to a very short stub, consist in a metal rod that is clamped into the carbon jaws of the lamphouse, one end of the rod being provided with means for holding a stub of carbon that is too short for use in the normal way. There are several methods of attaching the stub to the carbon saver, some of them permitting use of the carbon down to one inch. Best Devices Company, 10516 Western Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio. L. A. Burbank, 1130 Garland Street, Flint, Mich. Droll Theatre Supply Company, 925 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, 111. The GoldE Manufacturing Company, 1214-22 West Madison Street, Chicago, 111. S. O. S. Cinema Supply Corporation, 449 West 42nd Street, New York City. Weaver Manufacturing Company, Ltd., 1639 E. 102nd Street, Los Angeles, Calif. Wenzel Projector Company, 2509 South State Street, Chicago, 111. Edw. H. Wolk, 1241 S. Wabash Avenue, Chicago, lU. CARPETING TYPES OF carpeting suited to the heavy-duty requirements of theatres are (to name them alphabetically) Axminster (only in the finest grades, except possibly when used in small lounges), Broadloom, Chenille (an expensive weave feasible only in rare instances in which a superior carpet of special shape is absolutely required), PatentBack (a special type consisting in Broadloom sections cut into desired shapes and colors and cemented in a pattern to a backing). Velvet BETTER THEATRES, MAY 4, 1946 37