A pictorial history of the movies (1943)

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94 GRIFFITH TURNS A PAGE Miss Clark proved as popular on the screen as she had been on the stage and, had she continued her career, might have been a formidable rival to Mary Pickford. However, she retired in 1920 to become the wife of an army officer. One of her last pictures was A Girl 'Named Mary. The woman to her left, in the scene above, is Kathlyn Williams, star of a fa- mous Selig serial, The Adventures of Kathlyn. BELOW Probably the first horror picture—and certainly the first important one—was an importation, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, an adaptation of Robert Wiene's story, produced by Decla-Bioscop in Germany, in 1919. Using distorted scenery, bizarre costumes, and unusual camera angles—to say nothing of superb direction—it achieved a sustained atmosphere of ter- ror that few pictures have ever equaled. Traces of Caligari are to be found in all subsequent horror films, both American and European, as well as in serious "atmospheric" pictures, such as The Informer and Citizen Kane. Hence its inclusion here.